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Landscape genetics in marine settings

Semester 2

Theory: Environmental factors promoting spatial genetic diversity at sea. Vertical and horizontal genetic and genomic population differentiation. Spatial barriers in the ocean and scale effect on genetic and genomic variation. Genetic diversity in special populations: islands, hydrothermal vents, coral reefs, abyssal plains. Speciation hotspots at sea. Mixing-isolation-mixing models in impermanent barriers, and other ocean features promoting speciation. Climate change and changes in marine gene pools: polar, temperate and tropical species. Anthropogenic disturbances of marine genetic landscapes.

Practical work: Critical analysis of recent and relevant publications. Research-based approach for solving a case study of spatial differentiation using real data of marine species and state of the art software.