Bioactive molecules from marine animal biomasses
The objective is to make the student ready to develop and propose a comprehensive approach for enhancing the value of fisheries and aquaculture products from animal origin (including by-products) for the development of new added-value molecules and ingredients, intended for food, feed, aquaculture, cosmetics, … Marine biotechnologies are targeting niche markets by offering products with low volumes and high added-values, and also mass markets like bio-sourced polymers.
Introduction: Global overview of how enhancing the value of fisheries and aquaculture products from animal origin: definitions, resources, markets, notion of value chain, current trends, and examples of innovation in Norway.
Chapter 1: Concentrates and isolates of proteins: conventional methods, Ph-shift, pulps.
Chapter 2: Gelatines et collagens: general properties, specificities of marine collagens, impact of process on techno functional properties. Niche and mass applications of gelatines. Innovative uses in nutraceutics, nutri-cosmetics et biomaterials (tissue engineering, …)
Chapter 3: Enzymes in industrial processes: 3.1. Fish protein hydrolysates (FPH) with functional properties: pH-stat method, characterisation of peptidic populations, choice of enzymes for FPH. 3.2 Use of enzymes for the controlled destructuration of complex matrices: application to microalgae.
Chapter 4: Peptides exhibiting biological activities: definitions, examples in food, feed, nutraceutical, cosmetics,
Chapter 5: Biopolymers (chitin and chitosan, chondroitin sulphate, hyaluronic acid: general characteristics, extraction process, properties et example of uses.
Chapter 6: Marine lipids: structures and functions: PUFA and phospholipids
1 Worldwide and comprehensive vision of blue biotechnologies.
2 Ability to identify emerging markets and their potential.
3 Ability to transpose data and concepts from the scientific literature to R & D approaches integrating scaling-up.
4 Capacity to explain biological activities and functionality of molecules to non-specialists while having a dialogue with experts.
5 Ability to inject new ideas, and to create innovative products.
6 Ability to understand what is hindering and driving the field, and to choose the most appropriate strategy for achieving the final objective.
Additional information regarding teaching methods
- The course will be held in form of lectures, case studies, analysis of scientific papers.
- The courses will be complemented by tutorials, during which the class will be broken down into smaller groups under the guidance of the teaching professor.
- Review essays will be used to develop critical assessment of the primary literature.
- All courses will be available on-line.
- Company visits will be organised (2-3 per year)
Further course information can be found here: https://studiekiezer.ugent.be/studiefiche/en/C004323/2021